Surgical sterilization involves the removal of reproductive organs, permanently preventing the ability to reproduce.
For males, castration involves the removal of both testicles.
For females, spay involves the removal of 2 ovaries and the uterus.
Following are the benefits of sterilization:
1) Medical benefits
- Female – Reduces the risk of mammary cancer and prevents pyometra (uterus infection).
- Male – Reduces the risk of prostatic disease, reduces the risk of certain cancers, including prostate/ testicular/ perianal tumours.
2) Population control
- Unnecessary breeding leads to high abandonment rates. When population of strays is out of control, authorities will be notified to step in to manage. This can result in healthy community cats and dogs getting euthanized.
3) Easier management
- Heat cycles will cease in female pets and male pets will not be attracted to them.
- Male pets will have reduced desire to mark territories with their urine after castration.
This relatively low risk procedure is an investment for your pet’s lifelong wellness as it helps reduce the risk of certain illnesses.